All you need to know about Ramadan

Many Muslims have started observing the holy month of Ramadan, which began on Thursday the 17th of May.

Every year for one-month Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset each day, Ramadan is considered the holiest month in the Islamic calendar.

Depending on when the full moon is sighted Ramadan can last for 29 days and or 30 days.

The start of the holy months varies every year as the Islamic calendar is 11 days shorter than the Gregorian calendar.

The last 10 nights of Ramadan in particular the odd numbered nights are very important as the Holy Quran; the Islamic book was revealed to Prophet Muhammad on a night called Laylat al-Qadr.

Muslims around the world will be refraining from food and drink between sunrise and sunset, including abstaining from smoking and sex during the fast.

It is customary for Muslims to break their fast with a date and some water as this was how Prophet Muhammad used to break his fast.

Ramadan is considered to be a month of spiritual growth, self-discipline and especially a month where kindness prevails above all.

It is encouraged to increase in giving to charity during Ramadan, as well as inviting people over to break the fast with you.

Ramadan is one of the five pillars in Islam, the other 4 being, attending Hajj (Makkah) for pilgrimage, having faith, performing Salah (prayer) and giving zakat (charity).

At the end of Ramadan when the moon has been sighted, Muslims enjoy a three-day holiday called Eid.

It is important to remember to stay hydrated, while you are not fasting, so drinking a lot of fluids as well as consuming food rich in water such as watermelon is vital.

Also, making sure that you consume proper diet full of good nutrients, is important as you don’t want to upset your stomach by eating too much fatty foods after fasting all day.

This year UK Muslims will be on average fasting for 18-hours, but different cities have slightly different times.




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